Director: Klymenko Tetiana
Deputy Director: Belik Mykola
The first government archival institution, the Central National Archives, was founded in Cherkasy in April 1919. The Cherkasy District Archives were founded in 1925.
With the abolition of districts in September 1930, the Cherkasy District Archives were reorganized into the Cherkasy District Archival Administration in October of 1930. In 1932, it was reorganized into the Cherkasy State Historical Archives, which became a branch of Kyiv
Region State Archives in 1941. It incurred great losses during Nazi occupation of Cherkasy. Of
289,000 documents filed in the Archives by January 1, 1941, 277,000 were lost.
With the establishment of the Cherkasy Oblast on January 7, 1954, the State Archives of Cherkasy Oblast were created on the basis of the previous branch. The Archives began operating on May 18, 1954. As well the Archives Department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs Administration of Cherkasy Oblast was organized in May, 1954, and the Communist Party's Archives of Cherkasy Oblast Committee of the Communist Party of Ukraine were founded in August, 1954. In accordance with the State Archives Funds Regulations of the Soviet Union of
October 13, 1958, the Regional state Archives were renamed as the Cherkasy Oblast State Archives, and were known by that name from 1958 to 1980. By Order № 67 of August 7, 1980 of the Chief Archives Administration attached to the Council of Ministers, the Archives were named the State Archives of Cherkasy Oblast.
Documents of the pre_1917 period can be found in the of local administrative and judicial institutions, police and public prosecutor bodies, Justice of the Peace intermediaries, notaries, institutions of district and zemstvo governments, local selfgoverning bodies, educational establishments, and electoral commissions for the elections to the First to Fourth State Dumas. The state of economy is reflected in the documents of such funds as the district Treasury, surveyors, jointstock companies, factory administrations, forestry, and economic institutions. The Archives also keep documents (records) of ecclesiastical boards, charities, monasteries, churches.
The Archives' documents for this period also contain some information about the size of population, property status, structure and occupations; the system of taxation, peasant obligations; landowners' estate; the size of arable land among landowners' and peasants; crop harvests; the state of stock_breeding; the growth of cities; municipal economy; road networks; commerce, lists of plants, factories, and artisan establishments, as well as their owners, number of workers, and amount of production; and a myriad of statistics, including the All Russian census. The documents reflect the state of education, health care, the way in which epidemics were treated, social processes, actions against the existing political system, and national_political events in the Cherkasy region at the beginning of the 20th century.
While the documents of pre World War I period have been partly preserved, the overwhelming majority of the Archives' documents are funds of the period after 1917.
A considerable part of Soviet period documents are contained in the funds of government institutions and administrations; regional executive committees, districts, povits, municipalities, volosts, village councils; branch administrations and departments of government bodies; Revolutionary Committees and Committees of poor peasants; and electoral boards. An extensive number of documents is also contained in the funds of judicial bodies, courts, public prosecutor departments, and state inspection bodies.
A great number of documents in the archives deal come from planning and statistics bodies and financial institutions; district councils of national economy, the Cherkasy Council of National Economy and its boards, plants, factories, industrial associations, the Vatutino mine administration, enterprises and organizations of transport and communication, construction and architecture, and municipal economy. The state of the agrarian sector of the economy is represented in the funds of administration bodies, enterprises and organizations of agriculture, water industry, and forestry. The sociocultural development of the Cherkasy region is highlighted in the funds of health care administrations and institutions, social security, education and science, culture and arts, and mass media. There is a large number of funds from cooperative organizations and trade unions.
A prolific number of important documents are found in the funds of the public associations and organizations that comprised the Cherkasy Regional Committees of the Communist Party of Ukraine and Young Communist League, the district city committees of the Communist Party of Ukraine and Lenin Young Communist League of Ukraine, 1.7 thousand primary party organizations, and oblast structural formations of public associations, artistic, scientific unions, societies make up an important large and in size complex of documents. The documents of the Regional Committee of the Communist Party Portrait of Ukraine contain information about partisan underground movements in the Cherkasy region from 1941 to 1944. As well, the Archives preserve documents resulting from KGB activity in the Cherkasy Oblast, criminal cases of non judicial agencies concerning rehabilitated persons, and cases concerning citizens who had been deported for forced labour to Nazi Germany.
Parish registers of different religious denominations and registry office documents prior to 1924 are kept in a number of funds. Documents of the Nazi occupation period, i.e. records of district village councils, district police departments, village elder councils, community properties, forestry, newspapers editorial boards, form a separate part of the funds. There are also private funds of prominent people of Cherkasy region, as well as collections of documents about the Great Famine of 1932-1933, repressions of the 1930 to early 1950s period, and others.
The Archives post-1917 documents generally and in a wellrounded fashion depict the modern history of the Cherkasy region , the state of its economy, social and cultural sphere, the ecology of the Oblast, and social and political process in the region.
Among the most valuable documents there are birth records of the great Ukrainian writer I. Nechui-Levytskyi; of the eminent family of scholars and manufacturers, the Symyrenkos; of
Ensign_general of the Ukrainian National Republican Army, Hryhir Tiutiunnyk; and wellknown community activist S. Yefremov. There are also autographs of the hero of the Patriotic War of 1812, M. Rayevsky; of writer Ivan Le; academicians A. Krymsky, D. Yavornytsky, and V. Hrush (M. Hrushevsky's great_grandfather). Here one can also find records of Taras Shevchenko's relatives in the "Inventory of landlord Engelhard's estate" of 1796; the charter granted by king Stanislav_August to the free town of Cherkasy; the charter of awarding the great public figure of Kamianska council of the Northern association V. Davidov a golden saber for courage displayed in the Patriotic War of 1812; and the master plan of Cherkasy from 1815.
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